Shares Mismanagement: First Bank Battles To Upturn N266m Judgment Sum
A Lagos division of Appeal Court, has fixed October 12, 2021, for the hearing of an appeal filed by First bank Plc, to upturned a N266, 368, 454.85 million judgment sum slammed against it by a Lagos Federal High Court.
The court presided over Justice Sul Muslim Hassan, now an Appeal Court Judge, had ordered First bank to pay a former Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) President, Dr. Olisa Agbakoba (SAN) the said as general damages for mismanaging his share portfolio investment account.
Dr. Agbakoba (SAN) had dragged First Bank Plc before the court wherein he claimed that as a result of bankers/customer relationship between him and the bank; sometime in 2008, the bank introduced its margin trading facility to him, which he accepted.
He had claimed that the Bank explained to him that the bank’s customers were to purchase shares with the advanced Margin Trading Facility (MTF) and pledge the shares to the bank. And that the bank, for a management fee, was to professionally manage the advanced facility by selecting the broker and securities for the facility.
He said the bank would also prepare all the paper work needed, provide information about the funds’ holdings and performances and reserved the power to exit should the fund diminish to a threshold that could impair the economic underpinnings of the investment and left the bank’s exposure uncovered.
Consequently, the bank requested and encouraged him as a customer to take the margin loan contract. He added that on the strength of assurance, he applied for a MTF of N200 million with him and the bank opening a joint special Reserve Lien Account with the Central Securities Clearing System (CSCS), whereby First Bank Limited was the sole signatory to the lien.
Dr. Agbakoba also stated that First Bank claimed to possess the requisite knowledge, skills and expertise to seamlessly manage the investment in a win-win situation under terms and conditions that limited the exposure of the customers who were to rely on the expertise of the bank to manage the investment. He also said provided shares worth N60 million as his own contribution in line with the MTF agreement.
However, Agbakoba (SAN) stated that First bank failed to take reasonable steps to ensure the performance of the contract and observe compliance with all terms and conditions of their agreement in relation to the transaction, as First bank failed to monitor the stock market and advise him accordingly as it was obliged by the margin loan agreement, while the value of the shares continued a steady declined he was utterly left in the dark regarding the value of the share portfolio in spite of repeated demands by the plaintiff for information from the bank.
In a particular of the fraudulent inducement, Dr. Agbakoba stated that First Bank held itself out as possessing the requisite knowledge, skills and expertise to seamlessly manage the investment in a win-win situation while offering the plaintiff the product, consequently the breach of the margin trading facility agreement, fraudulent misrepresentations and mismanagement of his account by the bank occasioned huge loses to him
The principal sum of N200 million was completely lost, the plaintiff paid a total sum of N250,434,639.13 in liquidation of the margin loan account excluding interest and other charges.
Dr. Agbakoba disclosed that his 30 percent equity contribution valued at N60 million was completely lost and N40 million out of this would have been saved if the shares were sold at the second trigger point, N768,454,85 cost of cancellation of transfer of the debt to AMCON.
However, First Bank in its statement of defence, while denied almost Agbakoba’s claims, while contended that it is not in any way liable to him either in contract or tort as he was aware of the volatility of the operations of the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) and the speculative nature of the price of the stocks traded thereon and voluntarily assumed the business risks involved therein by applying for the loan from the bank and applying for the loan proceeds to buy shares, thereon the bank has never been his investment manager.
First bank claimed that its obligations were limited to the administrative of the facility itself, not the shares. The said administration involved the bank taking steps to ensure payments of the principal sum and the interest and monitoring movements on the bank’s lien account not share account by debiting and crediting relevant accounts towards repayment of the facility.
It also averred that it never had a “joint venture” participant in the shares investment business undertaken by Agbakoba with the facility proceeds. And that it’s role in the facility transaction was that of a lender and not that of a Co-investor or Asset Manager.
First Bank consequently denied that it acted in breach of contract or breach of any legal duty, therefore the plaintiff is not entitled to any sum as the plaintiff’s claims against the bank are vexations and without merit and should be dismissed with substantial costs.
Delivering judgment in th suit, Justice Hassan held that, “I am in agreement with the submission of learned counsel for the plaintiff that the bank failed to honour its contractual obligation as contained in the margin loan agreement and as a result the plaintiff suffered damages.
“The position of the defendant is akin to a situation where a party to a contract in the absence of any agreement to the contrary takes a benefit of a contract and refuses to accept liability as a result of his inaction or negligence, no court in Nigeria would allow that.
“From the foregoing, I hold that the plaintiff has proved his case against the defendant. I hereby make the following orders.
“An order is made against the bank for the payment of N20 million as general damages against the bank for mismanagement of the plaintiffs share portfolio investment.
“An order is made against First Bank for the payment of the sum of N200 million principal sum lost by the plaintiff as a result of the bank’s breach.
“An order is made against the bank for the payment of the sum of N40 million to the plaintiff which would have been saved out of the plaintiff equity contributions were the shares sold at the second trigger point.
“An order is made against the bank for the payment of the sum N768,454,85 to the plaintiff being the cost of cancellation of transfer of the debt to AMCON.
“An order is made against the defendant for the payment of the sum of N5.6 million for loss of dividend that accrued from plaintiffs Diamond Bank shares in April 2008.
“An order for the payment of interest on the judgment sums awarded against the bank in favour of the plaintiffs from the date of judgement at the rate of 17 percent per annum until judgment.
Displeased with the judgment and in a desperate move to upturn the Justice Hassan’s decision, First Bank filed the appeal.